The Danish alphabet have æ, ø, and å.
The Danish alphabet (alfabet) contains three more letters than the English alphabet – at the end: the three vowels are æ, ø, and å (the capital letter versions of Æ, Ø and Å – emulated on the internet as ae, oe and aa). These vocally pronounced deep chordal vowels are very frequently used in Danish words and their pronunciations thoroughly characterize the “guttural” sounding nature of spoken Danish.
The Danish letters of c, q, w, x, and z are very rarely used. K is used instead of English c or ck. Kv is used instead of English que. Sk instead of English sch or squ. V (pronounced as a soft v) instead of English w. Ks instead of English x. S instead of English c (or z within an English word). The Danish j is most often softly pronounced, like in the beginning of the English word yard.
Further on pronunciation, you’ll occasionally have a Dane challenging you to say rødgrød med fløde (red fruit sauce with cream) and you’ll encounter immediate trouble with these pronunciations. However, please listen carefully to the end sound of the pronounced Danish word fløde (much like the sound of the very frequently used English starting “the” sound). Yet, Danes have their own troubles with the English frontal-word “the” sound pronunciation when speaking English. You may “counter-challenge” a Dane to say “this thistle thing of weeds is for you to think thoroughly through”. The Dane will have trouble pronouncing this sequence of English words for sure.
Danish numbers follow sort of the same system as English from 20 onwards, but with “reverse citation/notation”. Let me give you an example: enogtyve, toogtyve, treogtyve for twenty one, twenty two, twenty three – en, to, tre, etc. for one, two, three, etc. and tyve for twenty.
Because of this reverse order, Danish phone numbers are written in pairs with separating space blanks (45 48 23 85) – because Danish brains are wired to think and separate numbers in pairs. Also, Danish number notations use the period/dot for thousands of increments and the comma for the decimal point (1.000,00). The Danish currency main and sub-ordinary names are en krone or plural kroner (Kr.) and the lower denomination of en øre or plural ører.
A special thanks to Kurt Hansen, who felt like writing this piece with and for us.
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